GROWING ONSHORE MARKET
In recent years, German wind energy sector development has been driven by a strong onshore market. By the end of 2013, some 23,645 turbines were already installed in Germany. To encourage further growth, the federal states are currently evaluating further sites for wind energy deployment. Federal states in central and southern Germany, where only a few wind energy projects have been realized to date, have especially intensified their efforts to increase wind power share. Wind power generation in Germany can look back on a history of more than 20 years as the foundation for renewable energy sector growth. Accordingly, the number of older generation turbines still in operation is considerable. Replacing these older turbines with more efficient, state-of-the-art wind tur-bines is becoming a major trend. In 2013, one quarter of all newly installed turbines were already clas-sified as being “repowering” projects. Repowering allows wind farm power generation to be significantly increased, even where there are fewer turbines deployed on the site. In addition to the huge market for onshore wind turbines, the growth potential for offshore installations is especially high.
DEVELOPING OFFSHORE MARKET
The offshore wind energy sector is gaining momentum. As of July 2014, ten offshore wind farms with a capacity of over 2.3 GW were under construction with more preparing for construction in 2015. According to the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency, the pipeline of approved wind farms currently under construction or in the planning phase is 9 GW. This offers various business opportunities for the offshore industry.