With the goal of supporting an effective internal market, the European Union has introduced a regulatory framework that guarantees the international harmonization of technical requirements on motor vehicles, - i.e. passenger cars, motorcycles and tractors.
IMPORTING TO THE EU - The Framework Directive for Whole Vehicle Type Approval makes sure that every motor vehicle being sold in the EU market complies with the requirements. This framework directive contains sales procedures and a list of separate directives laying down technical requirements for motor vehicles as well as for components and separate technical units from which vehicles are assembled. The tariffs for different motor vehicles, auto parts and accessories are available in the integrated community tariff database, TARIC.
IMPORTING TO GERMANY - The German automotive market is very complex, competitive and specialized. Any company thinking of importing to Germany must do serious research in order to find the right niche for their products. Quality is of utmost importance in Germany and customers are looking for serious and reliable suppliers. All automotive products imported into Germany must comply with the industry requirements. Importers must make sure that high quality products with competitive prices are offered. This includes taking care of all necessary certificates, safety marking and quality seals (DIN, CE, etc.). Importers can also contact the German Engineering Federation (VDMA) in order to make sure that their products are suitable to be offered in the market.
Since chemicals are used in the production of automobiles, all manufacturers and importers must make sure that their products comply with the REACH Regulation (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals). According to REACH, companies are required to gather information on the chemical substances used in their products and register the data with the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). Registration is required for most hazardous substances above 1 ton per year, for substances toxic to the aquatic environment above 100 tons per year, or substances manufactured or imported above 1.000 tons per year.
In order to provide a better understanding and support to automotive companies, the VDA has published a guide for the implementation of REACH in the automobile industry in cooperation with the American, Korean, Japanese and European automotive associations.